Utilities accounting standards: are you missing an opportunity?
Governmental utilities operate in a highly regulated environment with complex accounting standards. Some entities may not realize they have the opportunity to capitalize certain costs that would otherwise be expensed. Today’s blog looks at Statement No. 62 issued by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board.
Statement No. 62, Codification of Accounting and Financial Reporting Guidance Contained in Pre-November 30, 1989 FASB and AICPA Pronouncements, was issued by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board (“GASB”) in December 2010. Statement No. 62 (“GASBS 62”) became effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2011. GASBS 62 continues the accounting for regulated operations allowed by Statement 71 of the Financial Accounting Standards Board.
GASBS 62 allows the regulator of governmental utilities that have regulated operations to capitalize costs that would otherwise be expensed if it is probable that future revenue will be provided to recover the capitalized costs. GASBS 62 also allows the regulator of governmental utilities that have regulated operations to create liabilities. For example, instead of flowing natural gas or power purchases through the Statement of Revenues, Expenses, and Change in Net Assets, a regulator can report over-or-under-recovery of fuel costs on the Balance Sheet.
The regulated operations section of GASBS 62 can be applied by a governmental utility if the business-type activities meet all of the following criteria:
a. The regulated business-type activity’s rates for regulated services provided to its customers are established by or are subject to approval by an independent, third-party regulator or by its own governing board empowered by statute or contract to establish rates that bind customers.
b. The regulated rates are designed to recover the specific regulated business-type activity’s costs of providing the regulated services.
c. In view of the demand for the regulated services or products and the level of competition, direct and indirect, it is reasonable to assume that rates set at levels that will recover the regulated business-type activity’s costs can be charged to and collected from customers. This criterion requires consideration of anticipated changes in levels of demand or competition during the recovery period for any capitalized costs.
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About the author. Dwight Work is one of the nation’s leading experts in utility consulting and litigation support services. He can be reached at Dwight.firstname.lastname@example.org